Nuremberg Germany Events
The German cities of Nuremberg and Nuremberg have a long history, but in the English-speaking world they are mostly associated with the history of the Nazi Party and its leader Adolf Hitler. For centuries it was the home of most of the German kings who kept their crown jewels here.
Moreover, Nuremberg was the site of annual Nazi propaganda rallies, and the post-war trials there marked the beginning of the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany in the 1930s and 1940s. Party meetings were an opportunity for the Nazis to flaunt their power and influence friends and foreign powers, especially after Hitler came to power.
Although most Germans denied ever supporting the Nazi Party, and repeated the refrain "we could do nothing" when presented with a list of German atrocities, it was necessary to spread information about the Holocaust and German war crimes. These efforts were initiated in the hope that public discussion of Germany's past would lead to the realization that Germans had murdered millions of Jews in Eastern Europe during the war. German civilians and soldiers who accepted the legitimacy of the International Criminal Court's judgments but thought they could admit that terrible crimes had been committed. Seeing that their denial had little effect on the Allied mood, they instead tried to downplay the severity of their atrocities.
Thus, the IMT's most important legacy is recognition of and complicity in Germany's role in the Holocaust. The vast majority of the victims were German crimes, which were responsible for them and of which Adolf Hitler himself knew nothing.
The defense argued that the trial was a kind of victorious justice, and that the Allies had set a strict standard for crimes committed by Germans, not crimes committed by their own soldiers. The trial created a preliminary consensus on the crimes of Hitler's rule, though it failed to convince Germans themselves that the Holocaust of World War II had begun in Europe. Nevertheless, the Nuremberg verdict set a legal precedent for denazification and an incentive for the German public to show itself and dispel the notion that it was innocent of all charges against it if evidence were presented of the Nazi regime's complicity in the murder of millions of Jews.
Unfortunately, the Cold War undermined Allied efforts to denazify, and a large number of former Nazis were rehabilitated by the Soviet Union and the United States. German war crimes were barely mentioned in school textbooks, and a majority of former citizens of the Third Reich preferred to focus on the role of the Nazi regime in the destruction of German business and civil society. Former Nazis have since rejoined civil society groups, and many have regained influence over Hitler's regime, but only in small numbers.
These developments have led many scholars and social commentators to condemn the Nuremberg trials and denazification as a total failure. Although the Tribunal largely failed to force ordinary Germans to face their own complicity in the crimes of the Third Reich, it also prevented many former Nazis from once again holding prominent political office. Unfortunately, some escaped justice or committed suicide after their indictments were signed.
About 24 men were brought before an international group of judges who were to face justice at the Nuremberg trials. German industrialists accused of slave labour and plundering the occupied countries, high-ranking army officers who committed atrocities against prisoners of war, and SS officers who accused of violence against concentration camp prisoners, other subsequent trials dealt with the crimes of the Nazi Party and its allies, such as those against the Jews. The defendants, including senior military officers, were charged with genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and other crimes.
The most famous of the Nuremberg trials is the trial of the main war criminals, which took place in the US District Court for the District of Columbia in New York City. It was one of 13 trials held at Nuremberg between 1945 and 1949, and the first of a series of trials held in Germany before the International Court of Justice during World War II.
The city of Nuremberg, also known as Nuremberg in Bavaria, was chosen as the site of the trial because it was relatively undamaged by the war and included a large prison area. The city is remembered in history for its role as one of the most important cities of Europe during the Roman Empire and the General Assembly of the courts in it at Nuremberg Castle. After the destruction of the Nazi capital, the court did not find a suitable place, but soon moved to the city, where high-profile cases were heard in the appropriate palace of justice.
It was also the place where Adolf Hitler ordered the Reichstag to pass a law abolishing the right to freedom of expression and the freedom of the press in Germany during the Third Reich. In the Third Reich, Nuremberg became the scene of the mammoth Nazi congress known as the Nuremberg Rally. The Nazi Rally in Nuremberg was the biggest sporting event in the history of Germany and one of its most important events.